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In normal locomotion, they do not quite touch the ground, but are held out to detect obstacles and prey; in that attitude, they look particularly like an extra pair of legs or perhaps arms.

Reflecting the great dependence of Solifugae on their tactile senses, their anterior true legs commonly are smaller and thinner than the posterior three pairs.

As in most species, it holds its pedipalps clear of the ground; its front legs serve as tactile sensors, barely touching the ground with their setae Like most other arachnids, although Solifugae appear to have five pairs of legs, only the hind four pairs actually are "true" legs.

Each true leg has seven segments: coxa, trochanter, femur, patella, tibia, metatarsus, and tarsus.

Despite the common names, they are neither true scorpions (order Scorpiones) nor true spiders (order Araneae).

Much like a spider, the body of a solifugid has two tagmata: an opisthosoma (abdomen) behind the prosoma (that is, in effect, a combined head and thorax).

The alternative name "cephalothorax" reflects the fact that the prosoma includes the parts that in insects form the head plus the thorax.

Though it is not split into two clear tagmata, the prosoma does have a large, relatively well-defined anterior carapace, bearing the animal's eyes and chelicerae, while a smaller posterior section bears the legs.

Unlike scorpions, solifugids do not have a third tagma that forms a "tail".

Most species of Solifugae live in dry climates and feed opportunistically on ground-dwelling arthropods and other small animals.

Solifugae is an order of animals in the class Arachnida known variously as camel spiders, wind scorpions, sun spiders, or solifuges.

The order includes more than 1,000 described species in about 153 genera.

The first, or anterior, of the five pairs of leg-like appendages are not "actual" legs, but pedipalps and they have only five segments each.

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