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The ringleaders were later transported to Australia.

(See also Rebecca Riots.) A typical 'Swing' letter. The Casual Poor (usually known just as "Casuals") were those to which a workhouse gave temporary accommodation for one or two nights.

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(See also Poorhouse, Workhouse.) An Act of 1697, amending the Settlement laws, required that anyone receiving poor relief wear a badge on their right shoulder.

The badge, in red or blue cloth, consisted of the letter "P" together with the initial letter of the parish, for example "AP" for Ampthill parish.

Workhouses were amongst the rioters' targets — on 22nd November, a mob assailed the Selborne parish workhouse, turned out the occupants, burned or smashed the fittings and furniture, and pulled off the roof.

The following day, an even larger mob, including the Selborne rioters, did the same to the workhouse at nearby Headley.

In the 1840s, there was a public scandal when it was discovered that malnourished inmates at Andover workhouse had been fighting over scraps of rotting meat left on some bones they were supposed to be crushing. It was intended to provide interesting and useful occupation such as knitting, embroidery or lace-making for non-able-bodied workhouse inmates who spent long hours confined to bed or in day rooms.

Training in the various crafts was provided by outside volunteers and the costs were initially borne by Lady Brabazon.

In addition, local magistrates could act as ex officio Guardians.

The Board met at a fixed time either weekly or fortnightly, usually in a board-room at the workhouse.

A class room typically had three rows of seats around the outside all facing in to the centre, and was often fitted with a gallery containing further seats.

(See also School Room.) Children in a class-room - taking turns doing exercises for warmth in winter, c.1890. Introduced in the late 1860s, and modelled on similar schemes in France, Germany and Switzerland, cottage homes were often set in rural locations away from the often poor conditions and malign influences of the union workhouse.

(See also scattered homes, boarding out, children and education.) Aston Union Cottage Homes. From 1869, the workhouse master had to record the religious creed of each new inmate so that appropriate arrangements could be made in respect of their education (in the case of children), serious illness, or death.

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