Wsus not updating a workstation

clusters, partly due to partition table limitations.

The journal is made available for applications to track changes to the volume.

The hard link feature allows different file names to directly refer to the same file contents.

When Microsoft created their new operating system, they borrowed many of these concepts for NTFS.

Probably as a result of this common ancestry, HPFS and NTFS use the same disk partition identification type code (07).

NTFS has several technical improvements over the file systems that it superseded – File Allocation Table (FAT) and High Performance File System (HPFS) – such as improved support for metadata and advanced data structures to improve performance, reliability, and disk space use.

Additional extensions are a more elaborate security system based on access control lists (ACLs) and file system journaling.Hard links have their own file metadata, so a change in file size or attributes under one hard link may not update the others until they are opened.Windows uses hard links to support short (8.3) filenames in NTFS.Notably affected structures are the volume allocation bitmap, modifications to MFT records such as moves of some variable-length attributes stored in MFT records and attribute lists, and indices for directories and security descriptors.The USN Journal (Update Sequence Number Journal) is a system management feature that records (in $Extend$Usn Jrnl) changes to files, streams and directories on the volume, as well as their various attributes and security settings.NTFS is a journaling file system and uses the NTFS Log ($Log File) to record metadata changes to the volume.

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